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SMES create more and better jobs

European SMEs create 85% of new jobs between 2002 and 2010. Between 2002 and 2010, SMEs have secured 85% of net created job in EU. The study "Do SMEs create more and better jobs?" January 16, 2012 presented by the European Commission reveal relevant results. The study also emphasizes the role of young firms (less than five years old) who are responsible for the vast majority of new jobs. In a crisis, the capacity to innovate is also considering to be the best development tool. Performance of innovative firms and those based in innovative countries present the best growth rate of employment. Conversely, 'traditional' SMEs were vulnerable to the economic crisis. On the last study period (2009-2010), they have lost 2.4% per year of their employment against 0.95% for large companies.

 

The objective of the Lisbon, strategy launched in 2000, was to make the European Union the most competitive and dynamic knowledge-based economy in the world, capable of sustainable economic growth, creating more and better jobs and developing greater social cohesion. On 3 March 2010, the Commission launched the "Europe 2020 Strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth." Europe 2020 is the EU's growth strategy for the coming decade, to become a smart, sustainable and inclusive economy leading to high levels of employment, productivity and social cohesion. Enterprises are at the heart of this strategy, and considering the fact that the overall majority of all enterprises are SMEs, the enterprise policy for reaching these goals mainly revolves around SMEs.

In 2010, there were over 20.8 million enterprises active in the non-financial business sector in the European Union, of which 99.8% were SMEs. About 92% of the total business sector consists of micro enterprises, which employ fewer than 10 persons. The typical European firm is a micro firm.

About 67% of the employment in the non-financial business economy is provided by SMEs. Micro enterprises contribute about 30%, small enterprises about 20% and medium-sized enterprises about 17%. Apart from the impact of SMEs on the welfare in the EU, SMEs also have a positive effect on economic growth. This central role of SMEs in the EU economy is recognised by the Commission and anchored in the Small Business Act (SBA) adopted in 2008. The SBA established a comprehensive SME policy framework for the EU and its Member States.

Informations

Rédacteur
Julie GIORDANO
Chargée de Gestion de Projets

Date de publication
le 16/03/12 à 08:00

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